Sole Proprietorship or an LLC? How to Choose What Type of Business Entity to Form For Your Family Child Care
In short, we recommend forming a sole proprietorship and getting ...
This post is a part of our series on Washington DC family child care licensing. For more on licensing in Washington DC, see the following posts:
As you start your in-home child care program in Washington DC, you will have the option to choose between two types of programs: a Child Development Home or an Expanded Child Development Home.
In both cases, you provide child development from your private residence, where you live and work.
A Child Development Home may be licensed to provide care for up to 6 children. The 6 children don’t include those of the caregiver who are 6 years or older; provided, that the total number of children of the caregiver between the ages of 6 and 15 years shall not exceed 3, and of those 3 children, no more than 2 shall be age 10 years or younger.
The restrictions on the number of children that may be cared for in a child development home shall also include care given to a child by a caregiver related to the child. The term “related” means any of the following relationships by marriage, blood, or adoption: grandparent, parent, brother, sister, step-sister, step-brother, uncle, or aunt.
In an Expanded Child Development Home, child care is provided by two or more caregivers for up to 12 children.
An Expanded Home may provide care for more than 2 children who are non-ambulatory or under 2 years of age, provided that the number of such children does not exceed the following:
Expanded Homes shall comply with all of the requirements of Child Development Homes with the following additional requirements:
License capacity is the maximum number of children the Licensee is licensed to care for at any given time, as determined by OSSE. OSSE shall determine limitations on the license capacity based on the following criteria:
Lavatory Requirements Per-child: A Licensee caring for preschoolers shall provide at least one flush toilet and one sink for every ten children, based on the license capacity of the facility.
Adult-to-child ratios and group size: Adult-to-child ratios and group sizes are established to ensure the health and safety of all children. Minimum adult-to-child ratios shall be met at all times, including non-peak hours, during nap or rest periods, and in vehicles during transport.
Child development homes and expanded homes serving infants, toddlers, and/or preschoolers, and providing out-of-school-time care to school-age children shall maintain the adult-to-child ratios and group sizes as specified herein:
|Age of Children||Adult-To-Child Ratio||Maximum Number of Children Enrolled|
|1 child under 2 years of age and 1 to 11 children over 2 years of age||1:6||12|
|2 children under 2 years of age and 1 to 4 children over 2 years of age||1:6||6|
|3 children under 2 years of age and 1 to 6 children over 2 years of age||1:3 (but at least 2 caregivers)||9|
|4 children under 2 years of age and 1 to 8 children over 2 years of age||1:3 (but at least 2 caregivers)||12|
|5 children under 2 years of age and 1 to 4 children over 2 years of age||3 caregivers||9|
|6 children under 2 years of age and 1 to 3 children over 2 years of age||3 caregivers||9|
Generally, when children of different ages are combined in one group, the adult-to-child ratio for the youngest child shall apply. A child who is non-ambulatory will be treated the same as a child under 2 years of age for purposes of the adult-to-child ratio requirements. Volunteers shall not be used to meet adult-to-child ratio requirements. Only employees responsible for directly providing care of, or supervision or guidance to, children shall be counted in the adult-to-child ratios.
Swimming and Water Play: A Licensee shall ensure when children are swimming or playing in the water, including baby pools, wading pools, and full-depth pools, the Licensee shall maintain the following adult-to-child ratios, in addition to complying with the water safety requirements:
|Age of Children||Adult-To-Child Ratio|
|0 – 26 months||1:1|
|3 – 4 years||1:4|
|5 – 6 years||1:6|
|7 – 10 years||1:6|
|11 years and older||1:6|